Abnormal Pap Smear

When the results of one’s Pap test (Pap smear) turn out to be positive, it means that there are abnormal or unusual cells in one’s cervix, but this does not mean that the person has cervical cancer. An abnormal test finding means that some changes in the cells have occurred, and these alterations are most likely caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV).

HPV is the most prevalent sexually transmitted infection and is often linked to cervical cancer, but not in all cases. Cervical cell change can range from mild, moderate, to severe. Depending on the kind of abnormal cells that are revealed in the pap smear, the doctor will decide the next course of action. Generally, the doctor will do more tests to see if the HPV is present and how much of it is present and then determine the treatment and prognosis.

HPV Treatment

Several people are affected by the human papilloma virus, and the infection normally goes away by itself, without the need for treatment. Nonetheless, if the HPV is the cause of alterations in the cells, and the doctor has decided that these could result in cancer, they may choose to wait and watch what the developments may be. Sometimes cell changes called cervical dysplasia, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, or cell changes that are precancerous will come back to normal by themselves.

If one’s specialist decides to treat the abnormal cells, they might use Cryotherapy (freezing abnormal cells), Conization (removal of abnormal cells), Laser treatment (using lasers to burn abnormal cells), or Loop electrosurgical excision procedure or LEEP (removing abnormal cells with an electric current).